How to do light painting photography: the basics
A simple tutorial on how to do Light Painting
The light painting in theory is very simple to make, just have a camera that can adjust the shutter speed in manual mode (almost all), a tripod (tripod, let's call it what you like) and a light source (a LED flashlight, any luminous device, even the smartphone itself). In this simple guide I will explain how to set up the camera and how to create a light tube, which is actually the tool I use in 99.9999% of cases.
In the next days I will publish guides with other tools or with more precise indications and I will link them here. For more information firstname.lastname@example.org
Light Painting: the right camera
As mentioned above, the camera must have the ability to manually set the shutter speed, or rather the shutter speed. This is a feature common to almost all models and is essential because the shot will be taken in long exposure. What does long exposure mean? That instead of shooting instantly the camera will take a longer time, set by the light painter in this case, in which it will capture all the light present on the scene. Speaking of light painting if a light source "moves" during the shutter speed ... its "trail" will remain etched in the resulting photograph. All clear? If you want a decent camera without spending a fortune, I just give two tips:
Light Painting: the tripod
Ok, you have a steady hand like a statue and the stabilization of your camera allows you crystal clear shots, but with long exposure and light painting these qualities will not be enough, unfortunately. It takes a nice tripod and even in these cases if you don't want to spend a fortune I recommend the old dear
Manfrotto Compact https: // amzn.to/2RBk9Qw
Read my review after using it for years!
Light Painting with torch (flashlights) and tube
Let's move on to the light source, the real "brush" used by the light painter. I use tubes, self-made but you also find something ready to use. In this post I will limit myself to giving some indications on the basic tools without going into too much detail.
The tube is a transparent acrylic tube, not very heavy, one meter long (standard size, they are shorter but also longer). The diameter is fundamental, since they must adapt to the torch: minimum 2.8 cm and maximum 3.2 cm (internal diameter).
The torch must necessarily be a model powered by 18650 batteries in order to have sufficient and lasting brightness for a few hours. I remember that the torch must illuminate the inside of the tube as uniformly as possible, so let's leave the cheap torches for other light painting creations.
LED flashlight with 18650 battery included: https://amzn.to/2CwSS7E
Ready-made LED tube (for those in a hurry to experiment) YONGNUO YN360 Pro LED https://amzn.to/2T3eAHh
We insert the torch in the tube at one end, the other we "plug" it with an aluminum foil in order to bounce the light inside and it's done. To spread the light even better inside the tube, just roll up a layer of parchment paper.
Timing and movements in Light Painting
Now that we have the right tools, we just have to practice. Set the shutter speed to 5-6 seconds so that you do not get anxious and start moving the tube, perhaps getting help from an assistant or if you do not turn with an entourage you can control the camera via the app on the your phone. The rule of doing light painting, as far as I'm concerned, is less is more
The simpler the figures, the better the composition.
Shaking the tube for several seconds will lead to something that could be made by an airport runway attendant :)
Here is a simple demonstration, thanks again to Simona for making the video
And here's the result: